Two non-governmental organisations in Nigeria have asked the federal government to reconsider its “order” for the resumption of oil exploitation in Ogoni land.
The organisations, the Health of Mother Earth Foundation and We the People were reacting to a memo said to have emanated from Nigeria’s presidency.
The memo directed the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) and its subsidiary, the Nigeria Petroleum Development Company (NPDC) to take over OML 11 from Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC).
OML 11 is located in Ogoni land, Rivers State.
The memo instructed NNPC and NPDC to “ensure smooth re-entry given the delicate situation in Ogoni Land”.
Shell stopped oil exploration in Ogoni land and pulled out of the area in 1993 due to violence from the community who protested against the continuous pollution of their environment.
The mass agitation in the area resulted in the November 10, 1995, brutal execution of Ken Saro-Wiwa, a playwright, environmental activist and Ogoni leader, by the Nigerian government under the leadership of the then military dictator, Sani Abacha.
Ogoni production was some 28,000 barrels of oil a day by the end of 1992, about three per cent of SPDC’s total production, according to a Guardian newspaper report.
The Health of Mother Earth Foundation, and We the People said in a statement in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, that the instruction by the presidency was “insensitive, ill-advised and capable of inflaming suspicions and conflict in an area that is already very fragile and prone to crisis”.
Government Should Withdraw the Order for Resumption of Oil Exploitation in Ogoni Land.
The Health of Mother Earth Foundation (HOMEF) and We the People notes with alarm and unease the recent memo reportedly originating from the Presidency and addressed to the Group Managing Director of the Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation; and signed by Chief of Staff to the President, Mr. Abba Kyari. In the said memo dated March 1, 2019, with reference number SH/COS/24/A/8540, the NNPC and NPDC are directed to take over OML 11 (located in Ogoni, River state) from Shell Petroleum Development Company.
The letter states;
“NNPC/NPDC to take over the operatorship, from Shell Petroleum Development Company, of the entire OML 11 not later than 30 April 2019 and ensure smooth re-entry given the delicate situation in Ogoni Land”.
It goes further to instruct
“NNPC/NPDC to confirm by May 2, 2019, the assumption of the operatorship.”
We consider this instruction by the Presidency insensitive, ill-advised and capable of inflaming suspicions and conflict in an area that is already very fragile and prone to crisis.
Recall that in 1993, Shell was forced to abandon its OML 11 operations located in Ogoni and pull out of the area, following campaigns by the Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People (MOSOP) led by environmental rights activist Ken Saro-Wiwa , for fairer benefits to the Ogoni people from oil wealth, as well as compensation for the damage of their environment. The campaigns by the Ogoni ethnic nationality for a better deal from the Nigerian state also including restitution for the dearth of poverty in Ogoniland, as well as recognition and responsibility for the ecological damage of Ogoniland occasioned by the activities of oil companies.
The response of the Nigeria government to these peaceful demands was terrifying. MOSOP was brutally repressed using the Nigerian military. The mass killings and widespread carnage which the military visited on the Ogonis remain largely undocumented. Thousands of Ogonis lost their lives, and many others went into forced exile around the world. In May 1994, capitalizing on the unfortunate killing of 4 prominent Ogoni leaders by a mob of yet to be identified persons in Gokana local government area, Ken Saro Wiwa and other leaders of MOSOP were arrested and detained. After a few months of trial by a special military tribunal, a sentence of death was pronounced on Ken Saro Wiwa and 8 others on October 31, 1995. 10 days after, the nine were immediately executed on November 10, 1995.
It is important to note that the fears of ecological damage which the Ogonis expressed was confirmed in 2011 when the United Nations Environment Programme UNEP released its assessment report of soil and water samples from Ogoniland. The report confirmed massive soil and water contamination which has significantly compromised sources of livelihood and was slowly poisoning the inhabitants of the area. So alarmed was UNEP about the findings that it recommended that inhabitants of the area immediately stop using water from all their traditional sources, while the government was to immediately commence a clean-up exercise which could take up to thirty years, and amount to the biggest soil and water remediation exercise ever embarked on. As damning as the Report was, its recommendations remained unattended until 2016 when the government established administrative structures to commence the clean-up.
Given the above, it is worrying why the government will decide to resume oil extraction in Ogoniland when the pollution of the last decades is yet to be cleaned and the recommendations of UNEP have not been fully complied with. The action of the government at this time gives the impression that it only flagged off the Ogoni Clean up through the Hydrocarbon Pollution Remediation Project (HYPREP) in order to purchase the goodwill to resume oil extraction in the area. How else does one explain the fact that a site supposedly being cleaned up will resume full oil extraction activities with all the pollution that comes with it?
HOMEF and We the People also note that the demands of the Ogoni people which led to the abuses they suffered in the hands of the Nigerian Military in the 1990s, and the termination of oil operations in the area, have still not been addressed. It is disappointing and demonstrates a lack of initiative for the government to imagine that those concerns have simply withered away with time. Those of us who have remained connected to the communities know for a fact that the Ogoni people remain resolute in their resistance to any renewed hydrocarbon extraction in their domains.
We fear that the manner the Presidency has approached this subject through an order, without any consultation with stakeholders in Ogoniland or concern for the reservations the people may feel, is capable of threatening the peace in the area and conveying the message that their complaints and demands have been blatantly ignored. It is important to note that since the ugly events of the 1990s, the government has not initiated any peacebuilding processes in Ogoniland, neither has any kind of amelioration for the pains, losses, and suffering sustained by the people been provided.
HOMEF and We the People strongly recommend that the government withdraws this order for the resumption of oil activities in Ogoniland, and rather concentrates on redeeming the ecological disaster in the area, and replacing the lost sources of livelihood of the people.